Employment Transition Services Michigan [Important Guide]

Employment Transition Services Michigan: Pre-Employment Transition Services (Pre-ETS) from the Bureau of Services for Blind Persons assists students aged 14 and above transition between high school to post secondary study or employment. To construct an annual Individualized Education Program (IEP) plan, the student collaborates with a team that includes a Bureau rehabilitation counselor, the student’s parents, a teacher consultant, a social worker, a special education director, and perhaps others. The plan includes information such as what subjects the student will attend the following year, extracurricular and volunteer activities, and which Pre-ETS services the student will use during his or her transition period.

Students who satisfy the following requirements are eligible for Pre-Employment Transition Services from BSBP:

• Potentially Eligible Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Consumers at the application, eligibility, or IPE stages (prior to VR application).

• From 14 to 26 years old.

• Students with special needs.

• You must be enrolled in a secondary, post-secondary, or other approved educational program right now.

In partnership with local educational agencies and community partners, Pre-Employment Transition Services (Pre-ETS) are given. Pre-ETS are intended to provide students with an early start on employment discovery by assisting them in discovering career interests that may be further explored through VR services. Pre-ETS must be made available statewide to all students who require such services, regardless of whether or not they have applied for VR services. Once a student wants or is advised for one or more services, and evidence of a handicap is obtained, pre-ETS services may begin. These services can be delivered in a group context or one-on-one.

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Pre-employment transition services are divided into five categories.

Counseling for job exploration:

Intended to provide students with guidance and assistance while they explore career options. Career counseling may be provided in a variety of venues, including groups and individual sessions, in person or via the internet. Choices for job exploration are designed to encourage motivation, consideration of options, and educated decision-making.


• Career exploration (e.g., O*Net).

• Job clubs, job fairs, and trade shows.

• Work shadowing

• Interviews for information.

• Vocational Evaluation

• Workshops and presentations on a variety of themes, including:

• Self-awareness.

• What’s the difference between jobs and careers?

• What classes do I like today, and how do they connect to potential careers?

• What are the most in-demand jobs?

• Getting ahead in the future workplace.  

• Job searches on the internet.

• Techniques of informational interviewing.

• What employment are available in my neighborhood?


May include in-school or after-school activities, as well as experiences outside of the typical school setting (such as internships), all of which are delivered in an integrated community context to the greatest degree feasible. Job-based learning is a teaching method that uses the workplace or actual labor to provide students with the knowledge and skills they’ll need to connect their schooling to real-world work activities and future career opportunities.


• Work experience at school – job stations, etc.

• Work Experiences During the Summer

• Paid or unpaid internships

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• Volunteering and/or Community Service

• Apprenticeships.

• Career guidance.

• Work experience trials

• Workplace tours

• Weekend/after-school jobs (focused on developing basic work skills).

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Post Secondary Exploration

Research on post-secondary transition programs at colleges and universities, as well as trade and vocational schools and two and four-year institutions, is included in this activity area.


• College visits

• Educational Expos.

• Educators from various programs will speak.

• Disability coordinators’ presentations.

• College Preparation/Study Techniques

• Making use of assistive technologies.

• Looking for scholarships and/or filling out the FAFSA.

• Providing academic advice to students, parents, or representatives.

• Providing information on the application and admissions processes for colleges;

• Considering career and technological choices.

Training for Workplace readiness, including Social Skills & Independent Living

Workplace behavior and interaction, multicultural awareness, and problem-solving abilities are all included in social skills workshops/job clubs. Designed to help students gain the independence and social skills they need to succeed in the employment.


• Travel preparation.

• Independent Living Evaluations

• Blindness Skills Training

• Job Search Skills and Job Clubs

• Budgeting.

• Workshops on on-the-job appearance, such as attire and grooming

• Recognizing different learning styles and how they influence social and independent living abilities.

• Soft-skills instruction.

• On-the-job assessment.

• Ability to collaborate and make decisions.

• Adaptable computer skills instruction.

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Provides opportunities for students to learn about their rights and responsibilities, as well as how to obtain accommodations, services, or supports that they may require to effectively complete the transition from secondary to post-secondary education and/or employment. Mentoring by peers in competitive integrated employment may be one of these situations.

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• Mentoring.

• Youth Leadership Development Programs

• Workshops on setting goals, time management and organization, and creating a balanced life plan.

• Groups and workshops on disability awareness.

• Groups for self-advocacy, peer support, and mentoring.

• IEP/IPE/person-centered planning classes on advocating for oneself.

• Decision-making abilities and the ability to make your own decisions.

• Getting access to community services including health care, leisure, and social opportunities, among others.

• Self-determination and personal futures planning classes and seminars.

• Developing and participating in community-based activities and connections.

• Learning how to make accommodations requests.

Call 800-292-4200 (TTY 888-864-1212, toll-free) or visit a Bureau of Services for Blind Persons office near you for additional information.


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